Pleurobema

Alabama Mussels in the Genus Pleurobema

Highnut Pleurobema altum. Extinct. Endemic to Mobile Basin. Has not been reported since early twentieth century. EXTINCT.

Hazel Pigtoe Pleurobema avellanum. Extinct. Endemic to Mobile Basin. Has not been reported since mid-twentieth century. EXTINCT.

Clubshell Pleurobema clava. Extirpated. Historically found across northern Alabama in Tennessee River. Has not been reported from the state since the river was impounded. Restricted to lotic habitats. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Ohio Pigtoe Pleurobema cordatum. Special concern. Found throughout Tennessee River in northern Alabama. Historically the most abundant species. Today found only in small numbers in tailwaters of Guntersville and Wilson dams. Restricted to riverine habitats. Formerly an important commercial species. Moderate Conservation Concern.

Black Clubshell Pleurobema curtum. Extirpated. Endemic to Tombigbee River system. Possibly extant only in East Fork Tombigbee River in Mississippi. Found in riffles and runs. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Southern Clubshell Pleurobema decisum. Uncommon. Found throughout Mobile Basin, except the Mobile Delta. Still widespread but localized. Restricted to shoal habitats. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Yellow Pigtoe Pleurobema flavidulum. Extinct. Endemic to Mobile Basin. Has not been reported since early twentieth century. EXTINCT.

Southern Pigtoe Pleurobema georgianum. Rare. Endemic to Coosa River system. Extant in a few tributaries. Restricted to shoal habitats. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

 

Brown Pigtoe Pleurobema hagleri. Extinct. Endemic to the Black Warrior River system upstream of the Fall Line. Has not been reported since early twentieth century. EXTINCT.

Georgia Pigtoe Pleurobema hanleyianum. Extinct. Endemic to Mobile Basin. Has not been reported since mid-twentieth century. EXTINCT.

Alabama Pigtoe Pleurobema johannis. Extinct. Endemic to Mobile Basin. Has not been reported since early twentieth century. EXTINCT.

Flat Pigtoe Pleurobema marshalli. Extirpated. Endemic to Tombigbee River system. Has not been reported since completion of Tennessee-Tombigee Waterway. Restricted to shoals and runs. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Coosa Pigtoe Pleurobema murrayense. Extinct. Endemic to Mobile Basin. Has not been reported since mid-twentieth century. EXTINCT.

Tennessee Clubshell Pleurobema oviforme. Rare. Endemic to Cumberlandian Region. Extant in Alabama only in Paint Rock River system. Found in lotic habitats. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Ovate Clubshell Pleurobema perovatum. Rare. Endemic to Mobile Basin. Widely distributed in the system, but in low numbers and localized. Occurs in shoals and runs. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Rough Pigtoe Pleurobema plenum. Rare. Historically distributed throughout Tennessee River. Extant only in tailwaters of Wilson Dam and possibly Guntersville Dam. Found in lotic habitats. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Oval Pigtoe Pleurobema pyriforme. Rare. Found only in a few Gulf Coast river systems. Extant only in Big Creek, Houston County. Usually found in areas with at least some current. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Warrior Pigtoe Pleurobema rubellum. Rare. Endemic to Black Warrior River system upstream of the Fall Line. Extant only in Sipsey Fork and North River. Found in riffles and shoals. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Pyramid Pigtoe Pleurobema rubrum. Rare. Historically distributed throughout Tennessee River. Extant only in tailwaters of Wilson and Guntersville dams. Found in lotic habitats. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Round Pigtoe Pleurobema sintoxia. Rare. Historically distributed throughout Tennessee River. Extant only in tailwaters of Wilson and Guntersville dams. Found in lotic habitats. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Fuzzy Pigtoe Pleurobema strodeanum. Special concern. Endemic to Gulf Coast drainages. Found in Choctawhatchee, Escambia, and Yellow river systems. Occurs both in current and sluggish areas. Listed as threatened by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service on October 12, 2012. HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Heavy Pigtoe Pleurobema taitianum. Rare. Endemic to Mobile Basin. Historically occurred in main stem habitats of Tombigbee, Alabama, Coosa, and Cahaba rivers. Extant in very localized populations in Alabama and Tombigbee rivers. Found in flowing water. Listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

True Pigtoe Pleurobema verum. Extinct. Endemic to Mobile Basin. Has not been reported since early twentieth century. EXTINCT.

Note: In Alabama, it is illegal to stock or move any fish, mussel, snail or crayfish to any public water without a permit.

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