Cambarus

Alabama Crayfish in the Genus Cambarus

Cambarus acanthura.  Distribution: North America: Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Tennessee, Tombigbee, Black Warrior, Alabama, Cahaba, Coosa, Pascagoula, Perdido, Escambia, and Chattahoochee river systems.  Habitat: Primary and secondary burrower (Hobbs 1989). Conservation Status: LOWEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Appalachian Brook Crayfish. Cambarus bartonii cavatus.  Distribution: North America: New Brunswick, Canada west to Kentucky and Tennessee, south to Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina and east to the Atlantic Ocean (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from two database records from the Chattahoochee River system.  Habitat: First and second order streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Cambarus coosae.  Distribution: North America: Restricted to the Coosa River system in Georgia and Tennessee and south into Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Mobile, Alabama, Cahaba, and Coosa river systems.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Cambarus cracens.  Distribution: North America: Known only from Alabama (Hobbs 1989).  Alabama: Described from the Tennessee River system; questionable database records from the Black Warrior, Coosa and Tallapoosa river systems.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Devil Crawfish. Cambarus diogenes.  Distribution: North America: Extremely widespread; from the Rockies to southern Canada to New Jersey and throughout the Mississippi River basin (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from all river systems in Alabama, except the Cahaba, Pascagoula and Perdido river systems.  Habitat: Secondary and primary burrower.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Boxclaw Crayfish. Cambarus distans.   Distribution: North America: Cumberland and Tennessee river systems in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky and Tennessee (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from three database records from the Tennessee River system.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Cambarus englishi.  Distribution: North America: Endemic to the Tallapoosa River system in Alabama and Georgia (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Restricted to the Tallapoosa River system, and known from 16 database records.  Habitat: Streams under rocks  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Cambarus girardianus.  Distribution: North America: Tennessee River system in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and Tennessee; specimens from the Coosa River system in Alabama may be referable to this species (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Tennessee River system; database records also from the Mobile, Cahaba and Coosa river systems, however, these records may represent an undescribed taxon.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Twospot Crayfish. Cambarus graysoni.  Distribution: North America: Nashville Basin, Highland Rim and western edge of the Cumberland Plateau in Alabama, Kentucky and Tennessee. Alabama: Known only from six database records from the Tennessee River system.  Habitat: Streams under rocks; secondary burrower.  Conservation Status: Low Conservation Concern.

Cambarus halli.  Distribution: North America: Thought to have been endemic to the Tallapoosa River system in Alabama and Georgia (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Tallapoosa River system; questionable database records exist from the Tennessee, Alabama, Cahaba and Coosa river systems.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Cambarus hamulatus.  Distribution: North America: Tennessee River system, Alabama. Alabama: Known from 20 database records from Blount, Jackson and Marshall counties. Thought to have been restricted to caves in the Tennessee River system in Alabama; one questionable database record from the Black Warrior River system.  Habitat: Subterranean streams.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Cambarus howardi.  Distribution: North America: Chattahoochee River system in Alabama and Georgia. Alabama: Known only from nine database records from the Chattahoochee River system.  Habitat: Streams under rocks  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Alabama Cave Crayfish. Cambarus jonesi.  Distribution: North America: Caves in the Tennessee River system in Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from eight database records from caves in the Tennessee River system between Florence and Guntersville (Hobbs 1989) including Key Cave.  Habitat: Subterranean streams  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Cambarus latimanus.  Distribution: North America: Alabama, Florida, Georgia and North Carolina (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Reported from all river systems, except the Mobile, Pascagoula and Perdido river systems.  Habitat: Streams under rocks; secondary burrower.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Cambarus longirostris.  Distribution. North America: Tennessee River system in Georgia, Tennessee and North Carolina and introduced into South Carolina (Hobbs 1989); also known from Alabama. Alabama: Known from a total of 18 database records from the Tennessee River system in northern Alabama, and from the Coosa River system. There may be taxonomic issues with this taxon.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Painted Devil Crayfish. Cambarus ludovicianus.  Distribution: North America: Mississippi River system in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee, also known from eastern Texas (Hobbs 1989); in addition it has been reported from Alabama (Taylor et al. 1996) and Kentucky (Taylor and Schuster 2004). Alabama: Known from nine database records from the Tombigbee, Alabama and Mobile river systems in Greene, Montgomery, Pickens and Washington counties.  Habitat: Secondary and primary burrower.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Cambarus manningi.  Distribution: North America: Endemic to the Coosa River system in Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee. Alabama: Known from 11 database records from the Coosa River system.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Low Conservation Concern.

Rusty Grave Digger. Cambarus miltus.  Distribution: North America: Alabama and Florida (Taylor et al. 1996). Alabama: Known only from six database records from near the type locality in Baldwin County. Alabama Heritage Program has two records from Covington County; it is unknown who identified these specimens. They also indicate records from Corn Branch and Negro Creek in Baldwin County from work done by Fitzpatrick (1991). Fitzpatrick considered these possible records, since no form I males were collected to certify identification.  Habitat: Primary burrower.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Cambarus obstipus.  Distribution: North America: Thought to have been endemic to the Black Warrior River system in Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Black Warrior River system; in addition, database records exist for the Tombigbee, Alabama, and Cahaba river systems.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Depression Crayfish. Cambarus rusticiformis.  Distribution: North America: Cumberland and Green rivers in Kentucky and Tennessee and Ohio River in southern Illinois (Hobbs 1989); one record from the Tennessee River system in Alabama. Alabama: Known only from a single record from the Paint Rock River drainage within the Tennessee River system. Bouchard considered this record to be a possible introduction.  Habitat: Streams in depressions under rocks.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Cambarus scotti.  Distribution: North America: Endemic to the upper Coosa River system in Alabama and the Chattooga River system in Georgia (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from nine database records all from the upper Coosa River system (Chattooga River).  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Ambiguous Crayfish. Cambarus striatus.  Distribution: North America: Florida, Georgia, South Carolina westward to Mississippi and north to Kentucky (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Tennessee, Mobile, Tombigbee, Black Warrior, Cahaba, Coosa, Tallapoosa, Escambia, and Chattahoochee river systems.  Habitat: Streams under rocks; also can be primary or secondary burrower.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Cavespring Crayfish. Cambarus tenebrosus.  Distribution: North America: From Illinois south to Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from the Tennessee River system.  Habitat: Cool water springs and streams under rocks; often found in caves.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Cambarus unestami.  Distribution: North America: Tennessee River system in Georgia and Alabama; also known from the Little River system of the upper Coosa River in Georgia (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from two database records from the Tennessee River system in Jackson County, Alabama.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

White Spring Cave Crayfish. Cambarus veitchorum.  Distribution: North America: Only known from Alabama. Alabama: Endemic to White Spring Cave, Tennessee River system, Limestone County, Alabama (Cooper and Cooper 1997a).  Habitat: Subterranean streams.  Conservation Status: HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Cambarus sp. A.  Distribution: North America: Jezerinac (1993) indicated that this undescribed species ranged from southern Michigan, western Ohio, Indiana, most of Illinois, western Kentucky west to eastern Missouri and south to the Gulf of Mexico in Mississippi, Alabama and far western Florida. Alabama: It is unclear what the exact distribution of this species is in Alabama.  Habitat: Secondary and primary burrower.  Conservation Status: Moderate Conservation Concern.

Note: In Alabama, it is illegal to release or stock or move any fish, mussel, snail or crayfish to any public waters without a permit.

 

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