Starlings, Pipits and Waxwings

Starlings - Family Sturnidae

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris. Exotic. Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Found in urban, suburban, and rural areas with open ground for foraging.

Wagtails and Pipits - Family Motacillidae

American Pipit Anthus rubescens. Fairly common in winter, spring, and fall in all regions. Found in open country, especially on plowed fields and mudflats. Low Conservation Concern.

Sprague’s Pipit Anthus spragueii. Occasional in winter, spring, and fall in all regions. Found in open, short-grass areas, such as pastures and airports.

Waxwings - Family Bombycillidae

Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum. Breeder. Common in winter, spring, and fall, and rare in summer in Mountain and Tennessee Valley regions. In Gulf Coast and Inland Coastal Plain regions, common in winter, spring, and fall, and occasional in summer. Found in areas with trees and shrubs that produce fruits, such as hackberry, red mulberry, eastern red-cedar, black cherry, and American holly. Lowest Conservation Concern. 

References Cited:

Mirarchi. Ralph E., ed. 2004. Alabama Wildlife, Volume One.  A Checklist of Vertebrates and Selected Invertebrates: Aquatic Mollusks, Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals.  The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL. 209 pp.

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