Crows, Jays, Larks and Swallows

Crows and Jays - Family Corvidae

Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata. Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Found in forests, open woodlands, wooded residential areas, and parks. Low Conservation Concern.

American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos. Breeder. Common in all seasons in all inland regions. In Gulf Coast region, uncommon in all seasons. Found in woodlands, farmlands, and suburban areas. Lowest Conservation Concern.

Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus. Breeder. Common in all seasons in Gulf Coast region. In Inland Coastal Plain region, fairly common in all seasons. In Mountain region, uncommon in spring, summer, and fall. Found around beaches, bays, swamplands, riverine areas, urban and suburban areas, and farmlands. Low Conservation Concern.

Common Raven Corvus corax. Extirpated. Historical breeder. Was a rare, permanent resident of the mountains of northern Alabama.

Larks - Family Alaudidae

Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris. Breeder. Fairly common in winter, spring, and fall, and uncommon in summer in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions. In Inland Coastal Plain region, rare and local in winter and late fall, and occasional in spring and summer. Found in open country habitats with short grass and bare ground patches, cultivated fields, and stubble fields. Low Conservation Concern.

Swallows–Family Hirundinidae

Purple Martin Progne subis. Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and early fall in inland regions. In Gulf Coast region, common in spring, summer, and fall, occasional in midwinter, and uncommon in late winter. Found in open rural and suburban areas and open farmlands, especially near water. Lowest Conservation Concern.

Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor. Breeder. Common in winter, spring, and fall in Gulf Coast region. In Inland Coastal Plain, common in fall, fairly common in spring, and rare in winter. In Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions, common in fall, fairly common in spring, and rare in winter and summer. Open areas, ponds, lakes; nests in cavities in dead, standing timber and boxes. Lowest Conservation Concern.

Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis. Breeder. Fairly common in spring, summer, and fall, and rare in early winter in Gulf Coast region. In other regions, common in spring, summer, and fall. Found in open areas, fields, swamps, and on ponds and lakes; nests in burrows in road cuts and steep banks. Lowest Conservation Concern.

Bank Swallow Riparia riparia. Historical breeder. Common in spring and fall, rare in late summer in Gulf Coast region. In other regions, fairly common in spring and fall, occasional in summer. Found in open habitats, especially near water.

Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota. Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and early fall in Tennessee Valley. In Gulf Coast region, fairly common in spring, summer, and fall. In Mountain and Inland Coastal Plain regions, uncommon in spring, fall, and summer. Found in open habitats near water; nests on dams and bridges. Low Conservation Concern.

Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva. Rare in spring in Gulf Coast region. Found in open habitats.

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica. Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall in inland regions. In Gulf Coast region, common in spring, summer, and fall, and occasional in winter. Found in open habitats, under bridges and culverts, and in barns. Low Conservation Concern.

References Cited:

Mirarchi. Ralph E., ed. 2004. Alabama Wildlife, Volume One.  A Checklist of Vertebrates and Selected Invertebrates: Aquatic Mollusks, Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals.  The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL. 209 pp.

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