! Hunting & Fishing Licenses | Boat Registration Renewal
 

Orconectes

Alabama Crayfish in the Genus Orconectes

Orconectes alabamensis.  Distribution: North America: Tennessee River system in western Tennessee and northern Alabama. Alabama: Restricted to the Shoal Creek system in Lauderdale County, Alabama. Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Orconectes australis australis.  Distribution: North America: Caves in southeastern Kentucky to western Tennessee and northern Alabama (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known only from caves in the Tennessee River system in Jackson and Madison counties (Hobbs 1989). Habitat: Subterranean streams.  Conservation Status:  Moderate Conservation Concern.

Orconectes chickasawae.  Distribution: North America: Hobbs (1989) reported it only from the western tributaries of the Tombigbee River in Mississippi. Alabama: There is a single record of the species in the Illinois Natural History Survey database from the Tombigbee River system; another more questionable record from the University of Alabama database is from the Cahaba River system. Habitat: Lentic and slow lotic environments (Hobbs 1989).  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Slender Crayfish. Orconectes compressus. Distribution: North America: Tennessee River system in Alabama, Mississippi and western Tennessee; Cumberland River system in Kentucky and Tennessee; Barren River system in Kentucky and Tennessee. Alabama: Known only from tributaries to the Tennessee River system in northern Alabama.Habitat: Streams under rocks and gravel.  Conservation Status. Low Conservation

Orconectes cooperi.  Distribution: North America: Endemic to the Flint River system in northern Alabama and western Tennessee (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Flint River system in Madison County, Alabama. Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Orconectes erichsonianus.  Distribution: North America: Tennessee, Elk and Coosa river systems in northern Alabama, northwestern Georgia, eastern Tennessee, and southwestern Virginia (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Tennessee, Mobile, Black Warrior, Alabama, Cahaba, Coosa and Tallapoosa river systems.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Lowest Conservation Concern.

Orconectes forceps.  Distribution: North America: Tennessee River system from southwestern Virginia to Wayne County, Tennessee (Hobbs 1989), and northern Alabama. Alabama: Known from the tributaries of the Tennessee River; one questionable record from the University of Alabama database from the Mobile River system.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Low Conservation Concern.

Orconectes holti.  Distribution: North America: Alabama River system, Alabama. Alabama: Known only from tributaries of the Alabama River in Dallas, Lowndes, Montgomery, Perry, and Wilcox counties, Alabama (Hobbs 1989).  Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Orconectes jonesi.  Distribution: North America: Sucarnoochee River system of Alabama and Mississippi. Alabama: Sucarnoochee River drainage in Sumter County.  Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Shrimp Crayfish. Orconectes lancifer. Distribution: North America: Gulf coastal plain and Mississippi River embayment from eastern Texas to Mississippi north to Missouri, Kentucky and Illinois (Hobbs 1989); and Alabama. Alabama: Database records from the National Museum of Natural History from the Alabama River system.  Habitat: Slow streams and lotic environments.  Conservation Status:  Moderate Conservation Concern.

Orconectes mirus.  Distribution: North America: Northern tributaries of the Tennessee River in western Tennessee and northern Alabama. Alabama: Tennessee River system in northern Alabama.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Low Conservation Concern.

Orconectes mississippiensis.  Distribution: North America: Tributaries of the Tombigbee River in Mississippi (Hobbs 1989), and Alabama. Alabama: Database records indicate it occurs in the Tombigbee and Black Warrior river systems, with one questionable Illinois Natural History Survey record from the Tennessee River system.  Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status: HIGH CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Orconectes perfectus.  Distribution: North America: Tombigbee and lower Alabama river systems in Alabama and Mississippi (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Tombigbee, Black Warrior and Alabama river systems.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status:  Lowest Conservation Concern.

Bigclaw Crayfish. Orconectes placidus. Distribution: North America: Lower Ohio, Cumberland, Duck and Tennessee river systems in northern Alabama, Illinois, Kentucky and Tennessee. Alabama: Known only from the Tennessee River system in northern Alabama.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Low Conservation Concern.

Orconectes putnami.  Distribution: North America: Taylor (2000) defined the range as being disjunct with populations in the middle and upper Green River system and middle and upper Cumberland River system in Kentucky and Tennessee, in the western Highland Rim of the Tennessee River system of western Tennessee and northern Alabama. Alabama: Known only from the Tennessee River system in northern Alabama.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status: Low Conservation Concern.

Orconectes sheltae.  Distribution: North America: Endemic to Shelta Cave, Alabama. Alabama: Known only from Shelta Cave, Madison County, Alabama.  Habitat: Subterranean streams.  Conservation Status: HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN.

Orconectes spinosus.  Distribution: North America: Taylor (2000) defined the range as being restricted to the upper Coosa River system. His distribution map included localities in Georgia and Tennessee. Alabama: According to an Illinois Natural History Survey record it also is found in the upper Coosa River system in Alabama.  Habitat: Streams under rocks.  Conservation Status:  Moderate Conservation Concern.

Orconectes validus.  Distribution: North America: Tennessee and Black Warrior systems in northern Alabama and western Tennessee (Hobbs 1989). Alabama: Known from the Tennessee, Tombigbee, Black Warrior and Alabama river systems.  Habitat: Streams.  Conservation Status:  Lowest Conservation Concern.

Note: In Alabama, it is illegal to stock or move any fish, mussel, snail or crayfish to any public water without a permit.


Official Web site of Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
©2008 Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources   |   64 N. Union Street, Suite 468 - Montgomery, Alabama 36130