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Field Guide to Aquatic Plants of Alabama

by R. Graves Lovell
Pictures for non-profit use.
(last updated March 8, 2011)

Emergent

Majority of the plant is above the water line and supports itself- sometimes completely out of the water. These plants are usually along the shoreline, but may extend quite a distance from the shore if water depth is very gradual or if they have buoyant structures such as large, hollow stems.

Submersed

Entire plant is usually below the water line unless it becomes "topped-out" in which case some parts of the plant may protrude above the water.  Many of these plants can grow in 5- to 10-feet of water depending on visibility.

Floating-Leaved

A rooted plant with most of its leaves floating flat on the surface. A few species have some rigidity and can extend a little above the water line.

Floating

Entire plant is floating.

Filamentous (algae)

Simple, rootless plant consisting of clusters of filaments. Can be found growing on the bottom, on objects, or floating. Many genera difficult to identify without microscope.

Planktonic (algae)

Microscopic, free-floating plants. May float on surface, forming a visible layer or may suspend below the surface, affecting the color of the water.

Plants listed by common name.

Plants listed by scientific name.

PDF Version updated 2007(17.7 mb)

Illegal Aquatic Plants in Alabama

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