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Shiners

Alabama - The Alabama shiner is only found in the Mobile basin, mostly above the fall line.

Bandfin - The bandfin shiner has a dorsal fin with an oblique black band beginning much closer to the body than does that of the warpaint shiner; the bandfin shiner body color is typically olive to steel-blue on the back, grading to a copper flush along the sides.

Bigeye - The bigeye shiner is a deep-bodied somewhat compressed minnow with large eyes and large, oblique mouth generally confined to upland streams in the Mississippi basin from the Tennessee and Ohio river drainages.

Blackmouth - The blackmouth shiner was recently found in Alabama.

Blacktail - The blacktail shiner is one of the largest and most common Cyprinella species and is named for the large, distinct spot at the base of the caudal fin

Blacktip - A coastal drainage fish, the blacktip shiner is similar to the pretty shiner and the cherryfin shiner.

Blue - The blue shiner, Cyprinella caerulea, is a minnow only found in the Mobile Basin, and it is listed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as a threatened species.

Bluenose - The bluenose shiner is one of America's most beautiful minnows, but collection of the bluenose shiner is rare as it lives in weedy areas of Coastal Plain streams above "beds of deep, dark, fetid mire."

Bluestripe - An Apalachicola River basin endemic, the breeding male bluestripe shiners are steel-blue with iridescent pink flecks above the lateral stripe; the fins are edged in white.

Broadstripe - Endemic to the middle section to the Chattahoochee River, the broadstripe shiner is similar to the sailfin shiner except large broadstripe shiners have a clear "window" in the center of the caudal fin.

Burrhead - The burrhead shiner is a Mobile basin endemic that looks similar to the Coosa shiner, but the burrhead shiner has a predorsal stripe.

Cahaba - Endemic to the main stem of the Cahaba River and federally listed as endangered, the Cahaba shiner is only found in Alabama.

Channel - The channel shiner, which resembles the mimic and Cahaba shiners but only sympatric with the mimic shiner, has a slender body form and a broad rounded snout extending slightly beyond the mouth.

Cherryfin - The cherryfin shiner may look similar to the blacktip shiner and the pretty shiner, but the cherryfin shiner is found in the Mobile basin and Gulf drainages to the west.

Coastal - The coastal shiner is a medium size minnow found mostly in the Coastal Plain streams from Cape Fear River in North Carolina to the Jordan River system in Mississippi.

Coosa - The Coosa shiner has a yellow stripe above the lateral line and is endemic to the Coosa and Tallapoosa river systems above the Fall Line.

Dusky - In Alabama, dusky shiners are found in lowland streams of the Uchee Creek drainage, where low gradients and saturated soils have simulated the extensive growth of forested wetlands.

Emerald - Emerald shiners are important forage fish for sport and game species in large rivers and impoundments.

Flagfin - Recognizable because if its small body size and large fins, the flagfin shiner is easily confused with the sailfin shiner with which it is sympatric, but the flagfin shiner has a red fin color, yellow tail spots, and smaller tubercles.

Fluvial - A Mobile basin endemic, the fluvial shiner is found below the Fall Line, where it is generally restricted to the main river channels and lower reaches of large rivers, impoundments, and tributaries.

Ghost - In Alabama the ghost shiner is only found in the Tennessee River valley, and the ghost shiner is similar to the mimic shiner and the channel shiner, though the tips of the ghost shiner's pelvic fins extend almost to the anal fin.

Golden - Commonly used for bait, the golden shiner has a lateral line that dips low before going to the tail.

Highland - The highland shiner was split out from the rosyface shiner species group; in Alabama, the highland shiner is found in the Tennessee River drainage.

Highscale - The highscale shiner is a minnow in the Chattahoochee and Savannah river drainages that resembles the weed shiner and the Coosa shiner.

Ironcolor - Similar to the weed shiner and the bluenose shiner, the ironcolor shiner is distinguished by an intensely pigmented mouth.

Longnose - This sand-loving species is found in the lower Mississippi basin east tot eh Apalachicola basing and north to the Altamaha River drainage in Georgia with a few isolated populations in the upper Coosa River system possibly from stream capture.

Mimic - The Alabama population of mimic shiner may be a separate species from Notropis volucellus.

Mountain - The most slender of Alabama’s Lythrurus species, the mountain shiner is also distinguished from the other members by having fins with reduced pigmentation, and it differs in appearance from the rosefin shiner because the mountain shiner lacks the distinct dorsal fin spot found in the rosefin shiner.

Orangefin - Mostly found in the Mobile basin, the orangefin shiner inhabits small to large streams with clear water and sand or sand-gravel substrates; the orangefin shiner gets its name from the breeding males that have bright orange or reddish orange in all fins, a pinkish orange snout, and bright orange lips.

Palezone - Federally listed as endangered, the only palezone shiner population in Alabama is in the Paint Rock River.

Popeye - In Alabama the popeye shiner is limited to the Tennessee River drainage and was last collected in 1889 in Cypress Creek near Florence, although Feeman (1987) reports its occurrence in the Elk River just north of the Alabama state line.

Pretty - A deep-bodied, compressed species, pretty shiner is distinguished from the cherryfin shiner by its more intensely pigmented fin patterns.

Rainbow - Rainbow shiners, whose breeding males are quite colorful, are almost exclusively confined to the Mobile River basin above the Fall Line in the Alabama Valley and Ridge, though it is also found in the Short and Town creek systems of the Tennessee River.

Red - The red shiner is a fish that is not native to Alabama and competes with native fish.

Ribbon - The ribbon shiner is a pale, deep bodied minnow with a terminal and oblique mouth, distinguishable from most species in the genus Lythrurus by having little or no dark pigment in the dorsal and anal fins.

Rosefin - The colorful rosefin shiner has two populations that may be separated into separate species; the population of Lythrurus ardens fasciolaris extends into Alabama.

Rough - Widely distributed throughout the Mobile basin, the rough shiner is also found in the Bear Creek system of the Tennessee drainage; in Escambia Creek, a tributary to the Conecuh River; and in Uchee and Halawakee creeks, which drain into the Chattahoochee.

Sailfin - Similar to the flagfin shiner, the sailfin shiner has large, triangular anal and dorsal fins, and a broad, uniform, steel-blue lateral band extends from the head to the base of the tail.

Sawfin - The sawfin shiner is an undescribed shiner in Tennessee River drainage streams that looks like the mimic shiner except the sawfin shiner has only the first four or five dorsal fin rays are outlined with pigment.

Silver - The last known specimens of silver shiners were collected from Shoal Creek at Goose Shoal, Lauderdale County, in 1983 and from the Tennessee section of the Elk River near Alabama.

Silverside - An endemic of the Mobile basin below the Fall Line, the silverside shiner is often confused with the sympatric emerald shiner and silverstripe shiner.

Silverstripe - The silverstripe shiner is a Mobile basin endemic that resembles the emerald shiner and the silverside shiner.

Skygazer - The skygazer shiner is only found in large rivers of the Mobile basin.

Spotfin - In Alabama, the spotfin shiner is found widely distributed in the Tennessee River and its tributaries.

Steelcolor - Similar in appearance to the sympatric spotfin shiner, the steelcolor shiner has a steel-blue back; sides that are an iridescent purple; and a dorsal fin with a large spot near the back.

Striped - The striped shiner has a deep head and compressed body; a relatively large minnow, the striped shiner has been caught by anglers fly fishing.

Taillight - The taillight shiner is a slender species with a rounded, blunt snout projecting slightly beyond the upper lip, and it prefers habitat -swampy, mud-bottomed backwaters with some vegetation.

Tallapoosa - Once thought to be a Mobile basin endemic, the Tallapoosa shiner is found in the Tallapoosa River system above the fall line and in Wehadkee Creek of the Chattahoochee Basin.

Telescope - The telescope shiner is similar to the popeye shiner except it has a smaller eye and a dark predorsal stripe and two or three crooked, parallel stripes resulting from intense scale pigment on the back.

Tennessee - The Tennessee shiner occurs extensively throughout the Tennessee River drainage and parts of the Cumberland and Green river drainages, and it is commonly found with the telescope shiner and the bigeye shiner, with which it may be confused.

Tricolor - A Mobile basin endemic usually found above the Fall Line in the Cahaba and Coosa rivers, the tricolor shiner has anal, pelvic, and pectoral fins that are orange anteriorly and milky white elsewhere, which contrasts with the red-orange color of these fins in the closely related Tallapoosa shiner.

Warpaint - The snout and upper jaw of a breeding male warpaint shiner are cherry red; the front margin of the opercles has a red orange bar; and the base of the dorsal fin has a cherry red spot.

Weed - Mostly a Coastal Plain and Mississippi basin fish, the weed shiner is easily confused with the coastal shiner, but the latter can be distinguished by its anal rays, all of which are outlined with melanophones, whereas the weed shiner has the last four rays of the anal fin delicately outlined with melanophores.

Whitetail - In Alabama, the whitetail shiner is found in the Tennessee basin, and the whitetail shiner is easily recognized by the two milky white spots at the base of its caudal fin.

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