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Black Bass

Alabama Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries Division logo

Black Bass
in Alabama

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Largemouth Bass - Largemouth bass are the official state freshwater fish of Alabama.
Redeye Bass - Redeye bass are known as the brook trout of the warmwater game fish.
Shoal Bass - Shoal bass are only native to the Apalachicola River drainage in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia.
Smallmouth Bass - A great fighter, smallmouth bass are native to the Tennessee River basin of Alabama.
Spotted Bass - True spotted bass are found in the Tennessee River basin and some coastal rivers; the "spotted bass" in the upper Mobile basin were recently upgraded to a new species called the  Alabama bass. In the Chattahoochee basin, both spotted bass and Alabama bass have been introduced.

Alabama Bass Trail - five world class fishing locations with associated state parks.

Age of Bass - Age and growth of Alabama's largemouth bass and spotted bass.

Care of Fish for Release - Care of fish put in a livewell.

Handling Procedures for Bass Tournaments - Our best science for handling fish.

Largemouth Bass Virus - This disease has affected fish in Alabama.

Note: In Alabama, it is illegal to move a bass or other aquatic organism from one public water to another without a permit.

An Alabama spotted bass and a largemouth bass caught from the Alabama River near Montgomery by Mark Sasser.
An Alabama spotted bass (left) and largemouth bass (right) from the Alabama River near Montgomery.

With 26 million recreational anglers fishing the rivers, lakes and oceans each year, fishing is big business in America, and none is bigger than bass fishing, which attracts 11 million dedicated enthusiasts. Just a couple of important facts available in a 2012 Southwick report include:
• 56 percent of anglers surveyed have an annual household income of $50,000 or more with nearly 16 percent bringing in more than $100,000 a year.
• 77 percent of bass anglers use artificial lures and baits.
• More bass anglers (56 percent) fish from the shore, a dock or other land-based structure than from engine-powered bass and other style boats (49 percent).
• More than 98 percent of bass anglers made some kind of fishing-related purchase last year.

“Annual fishing expenditures total approximately $45 billion dollars in this country with roughly $16 billion of this dedicated to bass fishing,” said Rob Southwick, president of Southwick Associates.

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